To illustrate urban complexity, we will examine the structure of cities in their nonfractal states, even if they are hypothetical and do not exist in reality, as this enables us to demostrate properties of their fractal organization. (Batty, 2005:478)
Complejidad organizada, macroconducta particular con forma específica y con patrón identificable en el tiempo. (Johnson, 2003:48)
- Complexity Wikipedia
- Heylighen, Francis (1989) Self-Organization, Emergence and the Architecture of Complexity. In Proceedings of the European Congress on System Science. Paris: AFCET . PDF
- Rapoport, Amos y Kantor, Robert (1969) Complexity and Ambiguity in Environmental Design. En Journal of the American Planning Association, 33, 4. March, pp. 210-221.
- Rapoport, Amos y Hawkes, Ron (1970) The Perception Of Urban Complexity. En Journal of the American Planning Association, 36, 2. March, pp. 106-111.